Njira zodzitetezera pakusokoneza ndi kusonkhanitsa zida zamagetsi

1-(7)

I. makina osokoneza

Kukonzekera pamaso disassembly

Malo ogwirira ntchito ayenera kukhala otakasuka, owala, osalala ndi oyera.

B. Zipangizo zosungunula zakonzedwa mokwanira ndi malongosoledwe oyenera.

C. Konzani sitimayo, kugawa beseni ndi ng'oma ya mafuta mosiyanasiyana

Mfundo zoyambira zosokoneza makina

A. Malinga ndi mtunduwo ndi chidziwitso chofunikira, mawonekedwe ake ndi ubale wamtundu wamtunduwo zitha kumveka bwino, kenako njira ndi njira zowola ndi kuwonongera zitha kutsimikizika.

B. Sankhani zida ndi zida moyenera. Pomwe kuvunda kuli kovuta, fufuzani choyambacho choyamba ndipo chitani njira zoyenera zothetsera vutolo.

C. Pakusokoneza magawo kapena misonkhano ikuluikulu yokhala ndi mayendedwe ndi zilembo, malangizowo ndi zizindikilo ziyenera kukumbukiridwa. Zizindikiro zikatayika, ayenera kuziikanso chizindikiro.

D. Pofuna kupewa kuwonongeka kapena kutayika kwa ziwalo zotsitsidwa, zizisungidwa padera kutengera kukula ndi kulondola kwa ziwalozo, ndipo ziziikidwa motsatira dongosolo la disassembly. Mbali zolondola komanso zofunika kwambiri zidzasungidwa ndikusungidwa.

E. Mabotolo ndi mtedza omwe achotsedwa adzaikidwanso m'malo osakhudza kukonza, kuti tipewe kutayika ndikuthandizira msonkhano.

F. Disasani pamodzi pakufunika. Kwa iwo omwe samasokoneza, atha kuweruzidwa kuti ali bwino. Koma kufunika kochotsa ziwalozo kuyenera kuchotsedwa, kuti tisapulumutse mavuto ndi kusasamala, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kukonza sikungakhale kotsimikizika.

(1) yolumikizira yomwe ndi yovuta kuiwononga kapena ichepetsa kulumikizana ndikuwononga gawo lazolumikizira mutatha kuzimasula, kuzimitsa kuyenera kupewedwa momwe zingathere, monga kusindikiza kulumikizana, kulumikizana kosokoneza, riveting ndi kulumikiza , etc.

(2) polimbikitsa mbali yomenyerayo, cholumikizira chofewa kapena nyundo kapena nkhonya zopangidwa ndi zinthu zofewa (monga mkuwa wangwiro) ziyenera kulumikizidwa bwino kuti zisawonongeke pamwamba pa gawolo.

(3) mphamvu yoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pakumasula, ndipo chisamaliro chapadera chiyenera kuperekedwa poteteza zigawo zikuluzikulu pakuwonongeka kulikonse. Kwa magawo awiri amasewera, ngati kuli kofunika kuwononga gawo, ndikofunikira kusunga magawo amtengo wapatali, kupanga zovuta kapena mtundu wabwino.

(4) magawo okhala ndi kutalika kwakukulu ndi m'mimba mwake, monga shaft yolinganiza bwino, kagwere, ndi zina zambiri, amatsukidwa, kupaka mafuta ndikupachika mozungulira atachotsedwa. Zinthu zolemera zimatha kuthandizidwa ndi ma fulcrum angapo kuti tipewe kupindika.

(5) magawo omwe achotsedwa ayenera kutsukidwa posachedwa ndikutidwa ndi mafuta odana ndi dzimbiri. Kwa magawo olondola, komanso pepala lamafuta lokutidwa, kupewa dzimbiri kapena kugunda pamwamba. Ziwalo zina ziyenera kusanjidwa ndi magawo, kenako nkuziyika pambuyo polemba.

(6) chotsani tizigawo ting'onoting'ono tosavuta, monga zomangira, mtedza, makina ochapira ndi zikhomo, ndi zina zambiri, kenako muziyika pazigawo zikuluzikulu momwe angathere kukonza kuti zisawonongeke. Zomwe zili pamtsinjewo zikachotsedwa, ndibwino kuti muziyikanso kwakanthawi kwa shaft kapena kuziyika pamtambo ndi waya wachitsulo, zomwe zingabweretse mwayi waukulu pantchito yamsonkhano mtsogolo.     

(7) chotsani ngalande, chikho cha mafuta ndi mafuta ena otsekemera kapena ozizira, madzi ndi gasi, mitundu yonse yama hydraulic, mukayeretsa ziyenera kukhala zotumiza ndi kutumiza kunja, kuti mupewe fumbi ndi zosafunika zomizidwa.

(8) ikamasula gawo lozungulira, dziko loyenera silisokonezedwa momwe zingathere.

(9) pazinthu zamagawo zomwe zimatha kusamutsidwa ndipo alibe zida zoyikapo kapena mbali zina, zizisindikizidwa pambuyo poti disassembly kuti zidziwike mosavuta pamsonkhano

Ii. Mawotchi msonkhano

Njira yolumikizira makina ndi ulalo wofunikira kuti mudziwe mtundu wamakonzedwe amakina, chifukwa chake ziyenera kukhala:

(1) magawo omwe asonkhana ayenera kukwaniritsa zofunikira zaukadaulo, ndipo magawo aliwonse osayenerera sangasonkhanitsidwe. Gawoli liyenera kupitilizidwa kusanachitike msonkhano.

(2) njira yoyenera yofananira iyenera kusankhidwa kuti ikwaniritse zofunikira zofananira molondola. Mawotchi kukonza ntchito yambiri ndikubwezeretsanso kufanana koyenera, kungalandiridwe kukwaniritsa zofunikira pakusankha, kukonza, kusintha ndi njira zina. Zotsatira zakukula kwamatenthedwe ziyenera kuganiziranso za kusiyana koyenera. Pazigawo zoyenera zopangidwa ndi zida zokhala ndi coefficients zokulitsa zosiyana, kutentha kozungulira pamsonkhano kumasiyana kwambiri ndi kutentha pantchito, kusintha kwa kusiyana komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha izi kuyenera kulipidwa.

(3) pendani ndikuwona kulondola kwa unyolo wa gawo, ndikukwaniritsa zofunikira pakusankha ndi kusintha.

(4) kuthana ndi dongosolo la msonkhano wamagawo amakina, mfundo yake ndi iyi: poyamba mkati ndiyeno kunja, koyamba kovuta kenako kosavuta, koyamba molondola kenako kwakukulu.

(5) sankhani njira zoyenera zamsonkhano ndi zida zamisonkhano ndi zida.

(6) kulabadira mbali kuyeretsa ndi kondomu. Magulu omwe asonkhanitsidwa ayenera kutsukidwa bwino poyamba, ndipo magawo omwe akusunthawo ayenera kuthiridwa ndi mafuta oyenera pamtunda wosunthira.

(7) samalani kusindikiza pamsonkhano kuti mupewe "kutayikira katatu". Kuti mugwiritse ntchito mawonekedwe osindikizira ndi kusindikiza, simungagwiritse ntchito zosintha zina. Samalani za ukhondo ndi ukhondo wa malo osindikizira. Samalani njira yolumikizira zisindikizo ndi kulimba kwa msonkhano, chifukwa zisindikizo za static zitha kugwiritsa ntchito chisindikizo choyenera.

(8) tcherani khutu ku zofunikira za msonkhano wazida zotsekera ndikutsatira malamulo achitetezo.

Iii. Zinthu zomwe zimafunikira chidwi pakuwombera ndi kusindikiza makina

Makina osindikizira ndi imodzi mwanjira zabwino kwambiri zosinthira chidindo chamakina, kukonza kwake molondola ndikokwera, makamaka mphete yolimba, yosasunthika, ngati njira ya disassembly siyabwino kapena kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika, msonkhano wachisindikizo umangolephera kukwaniritsa cholinga chosindikiza, ndikuwononga zigawo zosanjikiza.

1. Njira zodzitetezera mukamasula

1) pochotsa chidindo cha makina, ndizoletsedwa kugwiritsa ntchito nyundo ndi fosholo lathyathyathya kuti zisawononge kusindikiza.

2) ngati pali zisindikizo zamakina kumapeto onse a pampu, muyenera kukhala osamala popatula kuti wina asataye ina.

3) pachisindikizo chomwe chakhala chikugwiridwa, ngati mawonekedwe osindikizira amasunthira pomwe gland imamasulidwa, malembedwe ozungulira ndi stator mphete ayenera kusinthidwa, ndipo sayenera kugwiritsidwanso ntchito atamangitsa. Chifukwa pambuyo poti kumasulidwa, mawonekedwe oyambilira a mikanganoyo asintha, kusindikiza komwe kulumikizana kudzawonongeka mosavuta.  

4) ngati kusindikiza kumangidwa ndi dothi kapena condensate, chotsani condensate musanachotse chisindikizo chamakina.

2. Zosamalitsa mukamayika

1) musanakhazikitsidwe, m'pofunika kuwunika mosamala ngati kuchuluka kwa zisindikizo za msonkhano ndikokwanira komanso ngati zinthuzo zawonongeka, makamaka ngati pali zopindika zilizonse monga kugundana, mng'alu ndi mapindikidwe m'miphete yamphamvu komanso yosasunthika. Ngati pali vuto lililonse, konzani kapena sinthanitsani ndi zida zatsopano.

2) fufuzani ngati chingwe cholowera chamanja kapena gland chili choyenera, ndipo ngati sichikukwaniritsa zofunikira, ziyenera kuchepetsedwa.

3) zigawo zonse za chisindikizo chamakina ndi malo omwe amalumikizana nawo akuyenera kutsukidwa ndi acetone kapena mowa wopanda madzi musanakhazikitsidwe. Sungani kuti chikhale choyera panthawi yakukhazikitsa, makamaka mphete zosunthika komanso zosasunthika komanso zinthu zosindikiza zosinthana ziyenera kukhala zopanda zosafunika komanso fumbi. Ikani mafuta osanjikiza kapena mafuta opangira chopangira pamwamba pa mphete zosunthira komanso zosasunthika.

4) gland yakumtunda iyenera kumangika pambuyo pa kulumikizana. Mabotolo amayenera kumangika mofanana kuti ateteze gawo la gland. Chongani mfundo iliyonse ndi feeler kapena chida chapadera. Vutoli lisakhale lalikulu kuposa 0.05mm.

5) fufuzani chilolezo chofananira (ndi kusasinthasintha) pakati pa gland ndi gawo lakunja la shaft kapena shaft sleeve, ndikuwonetsetsa kuti pachilichonse chimafanana, ndikuwona kulolerana kwa mfundo iliyonse ndi pulagi yopitilira 0.10mm.

6) kuchuluka kwa nyengo yamasika kumachitika malinga ndi zomwe zaperekedwa. Sichiloledwa kukhala chachikulu kwambiri kapena chochepa kwambiri. Vutoli ndi ± 2.00mm. Zing'onozing'ono zingayambitse kupanikizika kokwanira ndipo sizingathe kusindikiza, kasupe atayikidwa pampando wa kasupe kuti asunthe mosavuta. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito kasupe m'modzi, samalani kakuzungulira kasupe. Njira yoyenda kasupe iyenera kukhala moyang'anizana ndi komwe kasinthidwe ka shaft.

7) mphete yosunthika iyenera kusungidwa pambuyo pokhazikitsa. Idzatha kubwereranso mmbuyo mukakanikiza mphete yosunthira kumapeto.

8) ikani mphete yosasunthira mphete kumbuyo kwa mpheteyo, kenako ndikuyiyika pachikuto chomaliza. Samalani kutetezedwa kwa gawo lokhazikika la mphete, kuti muwonetsetse gawo loyang'ana mpheteyo komanso mzere wapakati pachikuto chomaliza, ndi kumbuyo kwa malo osanjikiza olumikizana ndi zopindika omwe amagwirizana ndi pini yotsutsana, koma chitani osawapangitsa kuti azilumikizana.

9) pakukhazikitsa, sikuloledwa konse kugogoda mosindikiza ndi zida. Ndikofunikira kugogoda, zida zapadera ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kugogoda chosindikizira pakawonongeka.


Post nthawi: Feb-28-2020